Tur

Tur

Expectation

Expected Harvest

7.2-8  quintal/acre

Expected Duration

180-190 days after sowing

Expected Expenditure (Rs)
19,092
Expected Income (Rs)

37,500

Favourable Climate

Climate
  • Moist and warm climate during the period of its vegetative growth is beneficial.
  • Flowering and ripening stages of its growth, its requires bright sunny weather for the setting of fruits. 
  • It is highly susceptible to frost at the time of flowering. 
  • Cloudy weather and excessive rainfall at flowering time damage the crop to great extent.
Temperature
  • Grows well in temp 21-25℃
  • Pigeon pea is very sensitive to low temperature at pod development & flowering .
  • Cloudy weather leads to poor pod formation.
Crop Water Requirements
  • Inadequate soil moisture during flowering and grain filling period will markedly reduce the yield.
  • Crop water requirement- equivalent to 600-650 mm of rainfall.

Favourable Soil

Type

 

  • Requires medium to heavy texture soil with good water drainage.
  • Crop can not be grown in Clay & water logged soil
  • It grows well in well drainage red clay loam soil too.

 

pH
  • Required range – 6.5 to 7.5
  • The saline-alkaline and waterlogged soil unfit for its cultivation, as they adversely affect growth.
  • If pH is <6.5 add Lime
  • If pH is >7.5 add Gypsum

Planting Material

Vipula
Duration
150-170 Days
Special Characteristic
High yielding in Continuous & intercropping system, medium resistance for die back & sterility
Season
Kharif
Yield
9.6-10.4 Quintal per Acre
Phule Rajeshwari
Duration
140-150 Days
Special Characteristic
Die back & sterility resistance
Season
Kharif
Yield
11.2 -12 Quintal per Acre
ICPL 87
Duration
120-130 Days
Special Characteristic
Limited growth, pod in bunch, extra early maturing variety
Season
Kharif
Yield
7.2-8.0 Quintal per Acre
AKT 8811
Duration
140-150 Days
Special Characteristic
Early maturing, continuous & intercropping var
Season
Kharif
Yield
6.0-6.4 Quintal per Acre
BSMR 853
Duration
160-170 Days
Special Characteristic
Medium sized red tinted grain, resistance against dieback & sterility, good variety for continuous cropping system & intercropping
Season
Kharif
Yield
7.2-8.0 Quintal per Acre
BSMR 736
Duration
170-180 Days
Special Characteristic
Medium sized red tinted grain, resistance against dieback & sterility, good variety for continuous cropping system & intercropping
Season
Kharif
Yield
6.4-7.2 Quintal per Acre
BDN 711
Duration
150-160 Days
Special Characteristic
Semi-spreading variety, white big seeded variety,100 seeds weight is 10-12 gm. resistance against dieback & sterility.
Season
Kharif
Yield
7.2-8.0 Quintal per Acre
BDN 716
Duration
165-170 Days
Special Characteristic
resistance against dieback & sterility. High yielding variety with good quality dal.
Season
Kharif
Yield
8.0-8.8 Quintal per Acre

Nursery Preparation

Seed Rate
Early maturing variety
7.2-8.0 kg /acre
Medium maturing variety
4.8-6.0 kg/acre
Late maturing variety
1.2-1.6 kg/acre

Seed Treatment

Treat the seeds with-

  • Imidacloprid – 4 ml

Instructions – Mix the above quantity in two liters of water for one kg of seeds. Deep Dip the seeds in solution for 10 min & then shade dry for 15 min.

  • Carbendazim – 2 gram 

Instructions – Treated seeds are to be again treated with the Carbendazim 2 gram for 1 kg of seeds. Apply it on seed by rubbing it on seed surface.

Instructions – Mix the above quantity for one kg of seeds. Add all the above in a container along with seeds and mix all till the seeds are coated with these powdery material. 

Land Preparation

Land Preparation
  • Ploughing method – Plough the land 1 or 2 times based on soil type.
  • Mix the following in field, and keep it in open air for 10 days for proper decomposition – 

FYM – 2 tons

Composting Bacteria – 3kg

  • Spread the above mixture over soil and run rotavator to the entire field making the soil as a fine tilth
Bed Preparation
  • Bed preparation-Prepare ridges and furrows 1.5 ft apart with the help of tractor.

Spacing and Plant Population

Varities
Row to Row
1.5 ft
Plant to Plant
0.3 ft
Plant Population
99,777

Nutrient Management

  • 10:20:00 NPK kg per acre
  • At sowing apply- 44 kg Urea and 250 kg SSP 

Irrigation

  • Critical stages for irrigation-
  • Vegetative growth (30-35 days)
  • Flowering stage (60-70 days)
  • Pod development stage (70-110 days)
  • Flood- Once in a week (based on rainfall)

Intercultural Operations

Weed Management

3 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Atrazine (100 gm per acre) OR Pendimethalin (1400 mL per acre) OR Fluchloralin ( 400 gm per acre)
30 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Oxyfluorfen (100 gm per acre)

Pest and Disease Management

Nematodes
Symptoms
Poor crop growth, Damaged roots, Wilting of plants
Crop Input Quantity
Neem cake
50 kg Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix and spread over soil
Seed borne diseases
Symptoms
Poor germination or in extreme cases germination ceased
Crop Input Quantity
Trichoderma viride
40 gram Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Seed Treatment
Tur pod fly
Symptoms
Attacked pods are twisted or deformed Stripes seen on surface of the affected grains
Crop Input Quantity
Imidacloprid
200 ml Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray
Powdery mildew
Symptoms
Powdery patches on the lower leaf surface corresponding with yellowing on the upper surface
Crop Input Quantity
Wettable sulphur
200 gram Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray
Leaf spot
Symptoms
Brown spots on leaves with yellow halo, Characteristic spots with dark and light brown outer ring
Crop Input Quantity
Mancozeb
200 gram Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray

Harvesting

Harvesting Duration
Harvesting Duration
180-190 Days after sowing

Yield

Yield
Total Harvesting Quantity
Total yield- 7.2-8 quintal/acre

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *