Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Expectation

Expected Harvest

80-100 Quintal/acre

Expected Duration

100-120 days after sowing

Expected Expenditure (Rs)

45,000

Expected Income (Rs)

81,000

Favourable Climate

Climate
  • Heavy rains, cloudy weather at the time of curd formation is harmful as it affects the head quality.
Temperature
  • High temperature leads to yellowing of heads.
  • A temperature range of 15-21 °C is considered optimum for growth and curd formation of the crop. 
Crop Water Requirements
  • Water requirement – Equivalent to 350-500 mm of rainfall

Favourable Soil

Type
  • Sandy loam to Clay. 
pH
  • Required range- 5.5 to 6.5
  • Soils with pH more than 8, leads to more disease incidence.
  • If pH is <5.5 add Lime
  • If pH is >7.5 add Gypsum

Planting Material

Basanta-956
Duration
55-60 Days
Special Characteristic
Early maturity. Good yield at high temperature
Season
Kharif
Yield
8 t/acre
Rimzhim
Duration
55-60 Days
Special Characteristic
Good yield at high humidity and temperature
Season
Kharif
Yield
9 t/acre
CFL-1522
Duration
75 Days
Special Characteristic
Good quality, white curd
Season
Summer
Yield
12 t/acre
Tetris
Duration
70 Days
Special Characteristic
Suitable for long distance transportation
Season
Rabi
Yield
12 t/acre

Nursery Preparation

Nursery Preparation

Method- 1

    • 100 sq. m nursery area is sufficient for raising one acre area. 
    • Prepare beds of 3 m long and 0.6 m width and 10-15 cm height.
    • Keep 60 cm distance in two beds.
    • Sow the seeds at depth of 1-2 cm & 10 cm between rows on raised seed beds covered with a fine layer of soil followed by light watering by water can.
    • The beds should then be covered with dry straw or grass or sugarcane leaf to maintain required temperature and moisture.
    • The watering should be done by water can as per the need till germination is completed.
    • Ten days before transplanting reduce the quantity of water application to the nursery beds to harden the seedlings.
    • After 3 days of seed germination drench the seedbed with Ridomil @ 15-20 gms. in 10 lit of water, to protect the seedlings from damping-off disease.

Method- 2

  • Fill the pro trays with Cocopeat @ 1.2 kg per tray. 
  • Sow the treated seeds in protrays @ 1 seed per cell.
  • Cover the seed with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover with a polythene sheet till germination starts (5 Days after sowing).
  • After 6 days, place the pro trays with germinated seeds individually on the shade net.
Nursery Duration
  • Duration- 40 days 
  • Plants are ready for transplanting when 3-4 leaves have appeared and stem become thick.
Seed Rate
Varieties
180 to 200 gram/acre
Hybrids
100-120 gram/acre

Seed Treatment

Treat the seeds with

  • Imidacloprid – 4 ml

Instructions – Mix the above quantity in two liters of water for one kg of seeds. Dip the seeds in solution for 10 min & then shade dry for 15 min.

  • Carbendazim- 2 gram

Instructions – Above treated seeds are to be again treated with the Carbendazim 2 gram for 1 kg of seeds. 

Land Preparation

Land Preparation
  1. Ploughing method – Plough the land 1 or 2 times based on soil type.
  2. Mix the following in field, and keep it in open air for 10 days for proper decomposition – 
    1. FYM – 2 tons
    2. Composting Bacteria – 3kg
  3. Spread the above mixture over soil and run rotavator to the entire field making the soil as a fine tilth.
Bed Preparation
  1. Bed preparation- Prepare flat beds 60 cm width, 10 cm height at 30 cm apart with the help of tractor.

Spacing and Plant Population

Varities
Row to Row
1.9 ft
Plant to Plant
1.5 ft
Plant Population
14,800
Hybrid
Row to Row
1.5 ft
Plant to Plant
1.5 ft
Plant Population
19,750

Root Dip Treatment

  • Take 20 liter water in flat container.
  • Mix 40 gram Carbendazim + 40 ml Imidacloprid. 
  • Dip the roots in solution before transplanting.
  • For plants in pro trays – Dip the pro trays in container for 5 min. 

Transplanting

  • Transplant the seedlings on the ridges 45 cm apart.

Nutrient Management

  • 60:30:30 NPK  kg/acre 
  • At sowing apply- 64 kg Urea + 184 kg SSP + 50 kg MoP (per acre)
  • 30 Days after transplanting – 64 kg Urea

Irrigation

  • Drip – On alternate day
  • Flood – 8-10 days interval

Intercultural Operations

  • Gap filling – After 10 days of planting to maintain the population and uniform growth.

Weed Management

3 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Oxyflurofen (100 ml/acre) OR Pendimethalin (400 ml/acre) OR Isoproturon (200 ml/acre)
25 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Alachlor (500 gram/acre) OR Isoproturon (1 kg/acre)

Pest and Disease Management

Damping Off
Symptoms
Emerged seedlings develop a ring near where the tender stem contacts the soil surface, and the seedling collapse
Crop Input Quantity
Metalaxyl
250.0 gram Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Drench Near root zone in water
Diamond back moth
Symptoms
Larva feed on leaves and makes bite holes, Causes excessive defoliation
Crop Input Quantity
Lambda-cyhalothrin
200 ml Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray
Browning
Symptoms
Stem becomes hollow and the head becomes brown, Affected heads develop a bitter taste, Browning occurs because of the deficiency of boron
Crop Input Quantity
Borax
500 gram Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray
Whiptail
Symptoms
Leaf blades do not develop properly The growing point is severely deformed and no marketable curd is formed Caused due to deficiency of Molybdenum
Crop Input Quantity
Sodium molybdate
1 kg Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray
Leaf spot
Symptoms
Spots are small, dark coloured, They enlarge, soon become circular, Finally the spots comes together leading to blighting of leaves
Crop Input Quantity
Mancozeb
200 gm Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray
Clubroot
Symptoms
Characteristic root galls and lesions Plants become weak, can be easily pulled out and show the damage of roots
Crop Input Quantity
Carbendazim
250 gm Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Drench near root zone in water
Sucking pests
Symptoms
Yellowing of leaves with curling, Sooty mold on leaves
Crop Input Quantity
Thiamethoxam
100 gm Per Acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray

Harvesting

Harvesting Duration
Harvesting Duration
70-80 days after transplanting

Yield

Yield
Total Harvesting Quantity
80-100 quintal/acre

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