Fenugreek

Fenugreek

Expectation

Expected Harvest
5000 Bunches /acre
Expected Duration

30- 40 Days after sowing

Expected Expenditure (Rs)
12,064
Expected Income (Rs)

30,000

Favourable Climate

Climate
  • Cool and comparatively dry climate is preferable.
  • Frost at flowering & grain filling stage affects the crop.
  • Can be grown in plains throughout the year.
  • Mostly Rabbi season good for the cultivation.
  • Areas with heavy & continuous rainfall should be avoided for cultivation.
Temperature
  • Temperature ranging from 10-27.5°C.
  • High temperature reduce germination percentage and vegetative growth.
Crop Water Requirements
  • Moderately low rainfall is required.
  • Water requirement – Equivalent to 350-380 mm of rainfall.

Favourable Soil

Type
  • Loamy or sandy loam & medium black soil with rich organic matter is best suited for cultivation.
  • Waterlogged soil should be avoided.
pH

 

  • Required range – 5.5-7.0
  • Strongly acid and alkaline soils are not suitable.
  • If pH is < 5.5 add Lime
  • If pH is > 7.0 add Gypsum

Planting Material

Pusa early bunching
Duration
30-35 Days
Special Characteristic
Resistant to downy mildew, rots
Season
Rabi
Yield
30 Quintal/acre
Rajendra Kranti
Duration
120 Days
Special Characteristic
High yield seed purpose variety, medium height, bushy, suited for pure as well as intercropping. Good for grain yield.
Season
Rabi
Yield
12-15 Quintal/acre

Nursery Preparation

Seed Rate
Varieties
10-12 kg/acre

Seed Treatment

  • Soak the seeds in water for 12 hrs before sowing for proper germination.
  • Treat the seeds with 

               Copper oxychloride – 2 gram

               Imidacloprid – 2 ml

Instructions- Mix the above quantity for one kg of seeds. Add all the above in a container along with seeds and mix all till the seeds are coated with these powdery material.

Land Preparation

Land Preparation
  1. Ploughing method – Plough the land 1 or 2 times based on soil type.
  2. Mix the following in field, and keep it in open air for 10 days for proper decomposition – 

                FYM – 22 tons

               Composting Bacteria – 3 kg

            3. Spread the above mixture over soil and run rotavator to the entire field making the soil as a fine tilth

Bed Preparation
  1. Bed preparation-  Prepare beds of convenient length and height with the help of tractor. Then prepare small bunds to prevent wash out of seeds at one corner.

Sowing

  • Broadcast the seeds evenly on the beds.
  • The seeds will germinate in about 8-15 days.

Nutrient Management

  • Total requirement-24:12:12 N:P:K kg/acre.
  • At sowing apply-   

               Urea- 26 kg

               Single super phosphate – 74 kg

               Murate of Potash – 20 kg

  • 30 days after sowing-

               Urea – 26 kg 

Irrigation

  • Flood irrigation- First irrigation is given immediately after sowing.          
  • 2nd on the third day of sowing.
  • Subsequently at 5-6 days intervals depending upon the soil type.

Intercultural Operations

Weed Management

3 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Oxyfluorfen + Quizalofop ethyl (500 ml + 250 ml/acre)
  • Thinning – Plants are thinned at 20-25 days after sowing and the thinned seedlings are used as greens.
  • Special practice – One pinching at a height of about 4 inch will encourage branching. 

Growth Regulators

Spray Triacontanol @ 0.5 ml/L of water + gibberellic acid @ 0.5 gm per L water soon after germination for better growth and increasing height.

Pest and Disease Management

Wilt and Root rot
Symptoms
Poor crop growth, Damaged roots, Wilting of plants
Crop Input Quantity
Copper oxychloride
200 gram per acre
Crop Input usage
Drench near root zone in water.
Fungal disease
Symptoms
Affected leaves develop small, dark brown spots that often grow in size, and which eventually kill the leaves.
Crop Input Quantity
Mancozeb
100.0 gram per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray.
Seed borne diseases
Seed borne diseases
Symptoms
No germination.
Crop Input Quantity
Carbendazim
120.0 gram per acre
Crop Input usage
Seed Treatment
Leaf miner
Symptoms
Larvae makes white coloured serpentine lining on the upper portion of the leaves.
Crop Input Quantity
Lambda-cyhalothrin
100 ml per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray.
Powdery mildew
Symptoms
Infected leaves have white to light grey, powdery patches.
Crop Input Quantity
Wettable sulphur
100 gm per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray.

Harvesting

Harvesting Duration
Harvesting Duration
30-40 Days after sowing
First harvesting
25-30 Days after sowing
Harvesting Intervals
Subsequent 2 harvesting at 15 days interval

Yield

Yield
Total Harvesting Quantity
Green leaf yield: 25-28 quintal/acre 5000 bunch per acre

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