Cabbage

Cabbage

Expectation

Expected Harvest

100-120 Quintal/acre

Expected Duration

90-180  days after sowing

Expected Expenditure (Rs)

55,450

Expected Income (Rs)

1,10,000

Favourable Climate

Climate
  • Grows well in cool and moist climate.
  • Heavy rains, cloudy weather at the time of curd formation is harmful as it affects the head quality.
Temperature
  • High temperature leads to yellowing of heads.
  • A temperature range of 15-21°C is considered optimum for growth and curd formation of the crop. 
Crop Water Requirements
  • Water requirement – Equivalent to 350-500 mm of rainfall.

Favourable Soil

Type
  • Sandy loam to Clay.
pH
  • Required range- 5.5 to 6.5
  • Soils with pH more than 8, leads to more disease incidence.
  • If pH is < 5.5 add Lime
  • If pH is > 6.5 add Gypsum

Planting Material

Golden acre
Duration
60-65 Days
Special Characteristic
Improved variety, Early growing variety with small round heads, colour of the leaves are light green from outside and dark green from inside
Season
Rabi
Yield
72-88 Quintal/Acre
Pride of India
Duration
70-80 Days
Special Characteristic
Early growing variety medium-large head weighing 1-1.5 kg
Season
Rabi
Yield
72-100 Quintal/Acre
September Early
Duration
105-110 Days
Special Characteristic
Mid season variety popular in the Nilgiris, head is compact, flat-oblong with bluish green foliage, weighing 4-6 kg.
Season
Rabi
Yield
144-180 Quintal/Acre
Pusa Drumhead
Duration
100-110 Days
Special Characteristic
Late season variety. The heads are large, flat, somewhat loose and drum shaped. Each head weighs 3-5 kg. Outer leaves are light green with prominent mid-rib. Requires long winter for a good crop, tolerant to black leg disease.
Season
Rabi
Yield
180-195 Quintal/Acre
Late Large Drum Head
Duration
100-105 Days
Special Characteristic
Late maturing variety with heads compact, flat and equal in size.
Season
Rabi
Yield
70-108 Quintal/Acre

Nursery Preparation

Nursery Preparation

Method- 1

  • 100 sq. m nursery area is sufficient for raising one acre area. 
  • Prepare beds of 3 m long and 0.6 m width and 10-15 cm height.
  • Keep 60 cm distance in two beds.
  • Sow the seeds at a depth of 1-2 cm & 10 cm between rows on raised seed beds covered with a fine layer of soil followed by light watering by water can.
  • The beds should then be covered with dry straw or grass or sugarcane leaf to maintain required temperature and moisture.
  • The watering should be done by water can as per the need till germination is completed.
  • Ten days before transplanting reduce the quantity of water application to the nursery beds to harden the seedlings.
  • After 3 days of seed germination drench the seedbed with Ridomil @ 15-20 gms. in 10 L of water, to protect the seedlings from damping-off disease.
  • Spray 19:19:19 @ 5 gm + Thiamethoxam @ 0.25 gm per L water at 25 days after sowing.

Method- 2

  • Fill the pro trays with Cocopeat @ 1.2 kg per tray. 
  • Sow the treated seeds in protrays @ 1 seed per cell.
  • Cover the seed with cocopeat and keep the trays one above the other and cover with a polythene sheet until germination starts (5 Days after sowing).
  • After 6 days, place the pro trays with germinated seeds individually in the shade net.
Nursery Duration
  • Duration- 45 days 
  • Plants are ready for transplanting when 3-4 leaves have appeared and stem become thick.
Seed Rate
Varieties
240 - 300 gram/acre
Hybrids
100 - 120 gram/acre

Seed Treatment

Treat the seeds with

  • Imidacloprid – 4 ml

Instructions – Mix the above quantity in two L of water for one kg of seeds. Dip the seeds in solution for 10 min & then shade dry for 15 min.

  • Carbendazim – 2 gram

Instructions – Above treated seeds are to be again treated with the Carbendazim 2 gram for 1 kg of seeds. 

Land Preparation

Land Preparation
  1. Ploughing method – Plough the land 1 or 2 times based on soil type.
  2. Mix the following in field, and keep it in open air for 10 days for proper decomposition.
Bed Preparation
  1.  Prepare Ridges and furrows 45 cm apart with the help of tractor.

Spacing and Plant Population

Varities
Row to Row
1.4 ft
Plant to Plant
1.0 ft
Plant Population
31,428

Root Dip Treatment

  • Take 20 L water in flat container.
  • Mix 40 gram Carbendazim + 40 ml Imidacloprid. 
  • Dip the roots in solution before transplanting.
  • For plants in pro trays – Dip the pro trays in container for 5 min. 

Transplanting

  • Transplant the seedlings on the ridges 1 ft (30 cm) apart.

Nutrient Management

  • 60:30:30 N:P:K  kg/acre 
  • At sowing apply-

               Urea- 64 kg 

               Single Super Phosphate- 184 kg 

               Muriate of Potash- 50 kg 

  • 30 Days after transplanting-

              Urea- 64 kg 

Irrigation

  • Drip – On alternate day
  • Flood – 8-10 days interval

Intercultural Operations

Weed Management

3-5 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Oxyflurofen (100 ml) OR Pendimethalin (400 ml) OR Isoproturon (200 ml)
25 Days after transplanting
Method
Spray
Herbicide Name
Alachlor (500 gram/acre ) OR Isoproturon (1 kg/acre)

Pest and Disease Management

Flea beetle
Symptoms
Feed on tender leaves and twigs
Crop Input Quantity
Beauveria bassiana
1 kg per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray.
Clubroot
Symptoms
Characteristic root galls and lesions. Plants become weak, can be easily pulled out and show the damage of roots
Crop Input Quantity
Trichoderma viride
1 kg per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and apply via drip.
Sucking pests
Symptoms
Small insects aggregated on leaves, stem Suck the sap and makes plants week
Crop Input Quantity
Yellow sticky traps
10 trap per acre
Crop Input usage
Install in the field.
Soil borne diseases
Symptoms
Poor crop growth, Damaged roots, Wilting of plants
Crop Input Quantity
Carbendazim
40 gram per acre
Crop Input usage
Dip the roots in water before transplanting.
Diamond back moth
Symptoms
Larva feed on leaves and makes bite holes, Causes excessive defoliation
Crop Input Quantity
Indoxacarb + Novaluron
200 ml per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray.
Leaf spot
Symptoms
Spots are small, dark coloured, They enlarge, soon become circular, Finally the spots comes together leading to blighting of leaves
Crop Input Quantity
Mancozeb
200 gm per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and spray.
Diamond back moth
Symptoms
Pheromone in traps will attract and kill the insect
Crop Input Quantity
Pheromone traps
5 traps per acre
Crop Input usage
Install in the field.
Damping off
Symptoms
Excretes sticky substance which facilitates the development of sooty mould
Crop Input Quantity
Metalaxyl
250 ml per acre
Crop Input usage
Mix in water and apply via drip.

Harvesting

Harvesting Duration
Harvesting Duration
70-75 Days after transplanting

Yield

Yeild
Total Harvesting Quantity
100-120 quintals/acre

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *